5 Life Lessons From Cain and Abel: Giving, Envy, Decisions

5 Life Lessons From Cain and Abel: Giving, Envy, Decisions

After the story of Adam and Eve is the story of Cain and Abel. It’s found in Genesis chapter 4 and as you likely know Cain killed Abel after God accepted Abel’s gift but not his. Their story has 5 life lessons we can learn.

The life lessons from Cain and Abel are:

  • What We Give Makes A Difference
  • Don’t Envy Others
  • There Is A Right Way To Do Things
  • There Are Consequences To Our Actions
  • You Have The Power To Do The Right Thing

What We Give Makes A Difference

Cain and Abel both gave a gift to the Lord. The Lord accepted Abel’s gift but didn’t accept Cain’s. If we take a closer at how The Bible describes each of their gifts, we can see the potential reason why God accepted one and rejected the other.

That reason brings us to the first lesson the story of Cain and Abel teaches us. That lesson is what we give makes a difference.

In Genesis 4:3, it says “When it was time for the harvest, Cain presented some of his crops as a gift to the Lord” (NLT). At first, it doesn’t seem like anything was wrong with what Cain presented but after reading the description of Abel’s gift we see a difference. In verse 4, it says “Abel also brought a gift—the best portions of the firstborn lambs from his flock.” (NLT).

Notice the difference in how Abel’s gift was described. Abel’s gift was the “best portions” of the “firstborn” lambs. On the other hand, Cain presented “some” of his crops.

Give Like Abel, Not Like Cain

Following Abel’s example, we should strive to give our best in every area of life. This applies to giving to both God and people. As for God, He doesn’t need anything from us. So when we give anything to him it’s more about our hearts toward him than the thing itself.

What Cain gave reflected a heart that doesn’t highly honor God. When we take what we offer God lightly we have a heart similar to Cain’s.

Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength

Mark 12:30 NIV

As for giving to people, The Bible says the second greatest command is to love our neighbors as ourselves (Mark 12:31). If we wouldn’t want anything from someone because they showed a lack of care, we shouldn’t do it to others.

Everyone’s Best Is Different

Before going into the next lesson, an important point to note about this Cain and Abel lesson is that your best is different from other people’s best. Using money as an example, if someone gave $50 dollars, but you gave $10. On the surface, it appears that the person gave more than you.

But if that person had $500, but you only had $20 then you actually gave more in terms of percentage. Each person’s circumstance is different, but God knows everything. Like he saw Cain and Abel’s hearts, he sees ours and knows what we’re truly giving.

You can learn more about how everyone’s best is different in my article 3 Lessons To Learn From The Widow’s Offering.

Don’t Envy Others

The next lesson Cain and Abel teach us is don’t envy others. Although Abel had nothing to do with Cain’s gift and God’s rejection of it, Cain got angry and killed him. Cain incorrectly saw Abel as the issue. In Genesis 4:7 God told him that if he did what was right he would be accepted. It wasn’t that only his or Abel’s gift could be accepted. Both gifts could have.

Despite him being told he didn’t do the right thing, Cain still envied Abel. But it wasn’t that God thought Abel was better than Cain. Given the reason that God rejected Cain, it tells us that Abel simply did the right thing.

Cain’s envious reaction towards Abel seems to be human nature. We tend to envy people rather than consider what they had to do to get the results they got. We see a person with a nice home, but we don’t see their years of sacrifices saving for it. Similarly, we see someone get promoted on the job, but instead of reasoning that it’s because of their hard work, we think they are lucky or get special treatment.

Envying Others Leads Us To Do The Wrong Things

The natural human reaction to envy others isn’t based on logic and as it did to Cain it can lead us to do the wrong things. First Cain got angry. Then, apparently not getting over it, Genesis 4:8 says ‘One day Cain suggested to his brother, “Let’s go out into the fields.” And while they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother, Abel, and killed him’ (NLT). His anger led to murder.

So we must be careful when we start to become envious of others. It can lead us to do the wrong things. Remember that a person having what they have doesn’t necessarily mean you can’t have it. Being made aware of what they had to do to get what they got may cause you not to envy them at all.

There Is A Right Way To Do Things

When God told Cain that he will be accepted if did what was right (Genesis 4:7), it teaches us that there is such a thing as the right way to do things. This may seem obvious, but in life, we can find ourselves angry like Cain over problems that occur thinking it’s a mysterious reason why we aren’t getting the results others seem to be getting.

The Different Response To Cain and Abel Wasn’t Discrimination

God created laws that govern the planet. Like the law of gravity doesn’t discriminate, all of God’s other laws don’t discriminate. God told Cain that he “will” be accepted if he did the right thing. Like Abel, Cain’s success was guaranteed if he met the criteria.

Instead of finding out what the right thing is, in life, we often experiment. And like I highlighted in the last lesson, we end up envying others, considering them a rival because we think they are somehow lucky when it is just that they are going about things in the right way.

If Cain was wise, he could have asked Abel how to bring an acceptable offering to God. Instead, he allowed his human nature to take control of him.

So when you aren’t getting the same results in life as someone else, don’t respond like Cain. Trust God’s word that there is a right way to do things and find out what you need to do to get the results you desire.

Read my article 3 Things You Should About God’s Laws to learn more about how God’s laws don’t discriminate.

There Are Consequences To Our Actions

After Cain killed Abel, God punished him. In Genesis 4:11-12, he told him:

Now you are cursed and banished from the ground, which has swallowed your brother’s blood. No longer will the ground yield good crops for you, no matter how hard you work! From now on you will be a homeless wanderer on the earth. 

Genesis 4:11-12 NLT

God’s response to Cain killing Abel reminds us of a lesson we all know but often need a reminder of. The lesson is that there are consequences to our actions. In the case of Cain and Abel, we see the immediate consequence. But in life, since the consequences of our actions aren’t always immediate, it may appear that there aren’t any consequences at all.

The law of cause and effect guarantees that there are always consequences to our actions. In The Compound Effect by Darren Hardy, he explains how even the seemingly insignificant habits add up over the years and then shock us. For example, eating unhealthy doesn’t hurt us right after a meal, but in time we find ourselves sick and/or overweight.

As you go about your life, remember the immediate punishment Cain received for killing Abel. Some of the wrongs we do have immediate consequences but some don’t. Just because we don’t see consequences immediately doesn’t mean we won’t.

You Have The Power To Do The Right Thing

The last lesson we’ll look at from Cain and Abel comes from God’s response to Cain’s anger. In addition to telling him he will be accepted if he does what’s right, God said “if you refuse to do what is right, then watch out! Sin is crouching at the door, eager to control you. But you must subdue it and be its master” (Genesis 4:7 NLT). 

God told Cain that he had the power to master sin. In other words, he didn’t have to do the wrong thing. This teaches us that we have the power to do the right thing because we can master sin. In life, we can find ourselves reasoning that we will fall short eventually and so it doesn’t make sense to resist the urge. As a result, we give way without any real fight when we’re tempted. 

God telling Cain that he could subdue and master sin isn’t the only place in the Bible that hints at our power to do the right thing. 1 John 2:1 says:

My dear children, I write this to you so that you will not sin. But if anybody does sin, we have an advocate with the Father—Jesus Christ, the Righteous One.

1 John 2:1 NIV

John said his purpose for writing was so that they do not sin. Then he says “if” anyone does sin they have an advocate. John’s choice of words points out the same lesson.

Although Cain was angry, it didn’t mean he couldn’t resist killing Abel. Likewise, when you find yourself in tempting situations, remember you have the power to do the right thing. You can master sin!

If you want to learn more about how to resist temptation. Check out my article 5 Lessons We Can Learn From The Temptation of Jesus.


As one of the most popular stories in The Bible, the story of Cain and Abel is filled with lessons. In this article, we looked at 5 of them. To recap, the lessons were that what we give makes a difference, don’t envy others, there is a right way to do things, there are consequences to our actions, and you have the power to do the right thing.

AuthorMoses Pierre-Paul

Moses is a teacher by calling and an IT Professional by profession. He is dedicated to helping others grow personally and spiritually and lives by the motto "In This Life and The Next". He is the author of Input/Output: Change Your Environment, Change Your Life and routinely teaches at his church Chapel On The Hill where he is serving as an Elder and Youth Director.

28 replies to 5 Life Lessons From Cain and Abel: Giving, Envy, Decisions

  1. A very blessings analysis of Cain and Abel story I pray in Jesus name to make sure I changed my life whatever I feel like am going vice versa with this story

    • Amen Dickson!

      • Praising the Lord for you, Moses. Thank you for taking the time to write this lesson. My husb and I are in vacation and we always include a Bible devotional time and today your lesson was very handy. We travel with grandkids and try to teach them that they shouldn’t neglect studying God’s word daily ?

        • That’s beautiful to hear Edia. I’m happy this lesson was a blessing to you and your family.

        • I was blessed ? by reading your teaching
          Francis Selven
          From India

          • Thanks for reading Francis. Glad you were blessed!

  2. Thank you for this. As i learn the word I have struggles to understand. This is amazing how you have analyzed and concluded this story. I would love to learn more.


    • Happy that you found it helpful Maria. More to come!

  3. I’ve been tremendously blessed. Thank you Sir for the exposition.

    • That’s awesome Samuel! Thanks for reading.

  4. It was really educative and good stuff

    • Thank you. It’s good to know you found it valuable.

  5. The article is very insightful and helped me to prepare for children’s Sunday school. Thanks and God bless you abundantly.

    • Glad it was a blessing to you Iris!

  6. I’m blessed Man of God thanks so for your time may God bless you

    • Happy to hear you were blessed, Michael!

      • This is very good. I learnt a lot from this analysis on the story of Cain and Abel. I used it to teach in the teenage class I handle in Church.
        God bless you Man of God for this.

        • Great to hear you were able to use this in your teachings. I hope your teaching was well received by the youth!

      • Thanks for this brother. This is a reminder for me while I’m living in this world. I learned a lot God bless you

        • You’re welcome Chacha. Happy to hear you learned a lot.

  7. I have learnt a lot from reading the 5 lessons.
    Can identify my own weaknesses.
    Thank you.

    • I’m happy you learned a lot Kavithe. May God strengthen you as you continue to study his word.

  8. Waooo What a great and insightful lessons. I will use it to teach my students in my School. God bless you richly.

    • Awesome! Thanks for sharing.

  9. Thanks for the wonderful insight that clearly revealed my personal weaknesses. O God, help me to do that which is right and not to envy others you bless for following your principles.

    • You’re welcome. May God strengthen you!

  10. I would love to always study from your books, reason is that the few tips I went through was a great help to me, I did also learned a great lessons from your books, thank you so much.

    • That’s great to hear James. Thanks for checking out the book. God’s willing more to come.

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